Course Syllabus


Jenkins, Henry. Textual Poachers: Television Fans & Participatory Culture. New York: Routledge, 1992.

Jenkins, Henry. Fans, Bloggers, and Gamers: Exploring Participatory Culture. New York: New York University Press, 2006.

Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet, eds. Karen Hellekson and Kristina Busse. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2006

Pugh, Sheenagh. The Democratic Genre: Fan Fiction in a Literary Context. Glasgow: Seren, 2005.

Bury, Rhiannon. Cyberspaces of Their Own: Female Fandoms Online. New York: Peter Lang, 2005.

Valentine, David. Imagining Transgender. North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2007.

* = suggested reading




Coppa, Francesca. “A Brief History of Media Fandom.” (Hellekson & Busse 41-59)

Jenkins, Henry. Textual Poachers, Ch. 1-2 (p. 9-85)

*Gray, Jonathan, Cornel Sandvoss, and C. Lee Harrington. “Why Study Fans?” Fandom: Identities and Communities in A Mediated World, eds. Jonathan Gray, Cornel Sandvoss, and C. Lee Harrington. New York: New York University Press, 2007

*Keller, Vera. “The ‘lover’ and early modern fandom.” Transfomative Works and Cultures, no. 7 (2011)


Jenkins, Henry. Textual Poachers, Ch. 5 (p. 152-184)

Jenkins, Henry. Fans, Bloggers, and Gamers, Ch. 2 (37-60)

Derecho, Abigail. “Archontic Literature: A Definition, a History and Several Theories of Fan Fiction” (Hellekson & Busse 61-78)

fabu. “A working definition of fanfiction.” (2004)

bookshop. “I’m Done Explaining Why Fanfic Is Okay.” (2010)

melannen. “I heard a lot of stories and I reckon they are true.” (2006)

*Pugh, Sheenagh. The Democratic Genre: Fan Fiction in a Literary Context, Ch. 1-4 (p.13-89)

*Bury, Rhiannon. Cyberspaces of Their Own: Female Fandoms Online, Ch. 1 (34-70)

*Kaplan, Deborah. “Construction of Fan Fiction Character Through Narrative.” (Hellekson & Busse 134-152)


Coppa, Francesca. “Women, Star Trek, and the early development of fannish vidding.” Transformative Works & Cultures, no. 1 (2008)

Jenkins, Henry.  “Fan Vidding: A Labor of Love.” Part 1 and Part 2. Confessions of an Aca-Fan. (2008)

cupidsbow. “The Fastest Guide Ever to Songvid Watching.” (2009)

laurashapiro. “IBARW: vidding COCs and vidding POCs.” (2008)

laurashapiro and halcyon_shift. “I Put You There.” Buffy the Vampire Slayer/meta vid. (2006)

kuwdora. “PASIV Face.” Inception vid. (2010)

*Ulaby, Neda. “Vidders Talk Back To Their Pop-Culture Muses.” All Things Considered, National Public Radio. February 25, 2009.




The Brat Queen. “What Is Slash?”

“Slash” and “Timeline of Slashed Sources.” Fanlore

Woledge, Elizabeth. “Intimatopia: Genre Intersections Between Slash and the Mainstream.” (Hellekson & Busse 97-114)

Stasi, Mafalda. “The Toy Soldiers from Leeds: The Slash Palimpsest” (Hellekson & Busse 115-133)

belmanoir. “Five Times Kirk Tried to Seduce Spock, and One Time He Succeeded.” Star Trek: The Original Series fic. (2009)

sheafrotherdon. “The Great Gormless Worms of Globber.” Harry Potter fic. (2004)

talitha78. “Fever.” Sherlock Holmes vid. (2010)

*suzvoy. “500 Miles.” Merlin vid. (2008)

*talitha78. “Set Fire to the Rain.” Thor vid. (2011)


Green, Shoshanna, Cynthia Jenkins and Henry Jenkins. “’Normal Female Interest in Men Bonking’: Selections from The Terra Nostra Underground and Strange Bedfellows.” (Jenkins, Fans, Bloggers, and Gamers 61-88)

thingswithwings. “The Glass.” multifandom vid. (2008)

Bury, Rhiannon. Cyberspaces of Their Own: Female Fandoms Online, Ch. 2 (71-106)

melannen. “Help! My slash goggles are stuck!” (2007)

slacken_ties. “The slash manifesto: or Y I WRITES SLASH.” (2005)

paradox_dragon. “To the feminist(s) criticizing slash as a tool of the patriarchy.” (2010)

elynross. “Undertow.” Smallville fic. (2002)

greensilver. “Take It Off.” multifandom vid. (2009)

astolat. “Drop Dead Gorgeous.” Smallville vid. (2004)

*frantic. “Arthur and the Real Boy.” Merlin fic. (2010)

*ithiliana. “The Male Gaze (relating to but not exactly connected to the Slash Authorship Imbroglio).” (2010)


Isaksson, Malin. “Buffy/Faith Adult Femslash: Queer Porn With a Plot.” The Online International Journal of Buffy Studies. 7.4, 28

alixtii. “Femslash and the Lesbian Experience. Which is clearly not my experience.” (2010)

cimorene. “on feminism & queerness, women and slash, m/m vs female characters.” (2010)

thelastgoodname. “Someone at metafandom has a wicked sense of humor.” (2009)

skintightsocks. “Not Far To Go.” Glee fic. (2011)

such_heights. “Bad Romance.” Merlin vid. (2009)

fan_eunice. “Whatever It Takes.” Bend It Like Beckham vid. (2007)

*phaballa. “Blood and Thunder, a Cha-Cha Challenge.” Bring It On fic. (2007)

*Misty Flores. “The Avengers.” Glee fic. (2010)


Pugh, Sheenagh. The Democratic Genre: Fan Fiction in a Literary Context, Ch. 5 (90-115)

LaChev, Anik. “Fan Fiction: A Genre and Its (Final?) Frontiers.” Get a Life?: Fan Cultures and Contemporary Television, ed. Lauri Mullens, Spectator 25:1 (Spring 2005): 83-94

princessofgeeks. “categories and definitions again oh my.” (2011)

hollow_echoes. “Meta: Laying the Line.” (2010)

qwertyuiop. “I’m in your fandom queering up your het.” (2010)

musesfool. “baby, i got my facts learned real good right now.” (2009)

ineptshieldmaid. “A Squire With Prospects.” Tortall (Tamora Pierce) fic. (2008)

kaydeefalls. “Harbor.” Merlin vid. (2010)


Valentine, David. Imagining Transgender, ch. 3 (105-139)

sqbr. “Fanart meta: genderswapping, crossdressing, and transness.” (2010)

sinuous_curve. “Hi, flist.” (2010)

lannamichaels. “And All Shall Be Well.” Doctor Who fic. (2010)

cobweb_diamond. “Weltschmerz.” Inception fic. (2010)


Kies, Bridget. “One True Threesome: Reconciling Canon and Fan Desire in Star Trek: Voyager.” Transformative Works & Cultures, no. 8 (2011)

melannen. “Love and Marriage.” (2011)

tigresslilly. “A Few Questions I Haven’t Seen Asked or Answered.” (2010)

Agnes_Bean. “The Trigonometry of Photography.” Community fic. (2011)

emei. “Birds of Passage.” Merlin fic. (2010)

sweetestdrain. “Empty Hearts.” Merlin vid. (2009)


Kaz. “A brief history of asexuality in fandom, as seen by Kaz.” (2011)

snowynight. “Asexuality and Femslash.” (2011)

melannen. “Nonhumans and sexuality.” (2010)

spes_unica. “Revised Poll: Impact of Sherlock (BBC) and Asexuality Debate on Lives of Individual Sherlock Fans.” (2010)

etothepii. “Your Moral Crisis is Stupid.” Sherlock (BBC) fic. (2011)

whiskyrunner. “Shooting the Moon.” Inception fic. (2010)

*flawedamethyst. “Horse and Carriage ‘verse.” Sherlock (BBC) fic. (2010)

*Aubrey, Jennifer Stevens, Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, and Melissa A. Click. “The romanticization of abstinence: Fan response to sexual restraint in the Twilight series.” Transformative Works & Cultures, no.5 (2010)


Tosenberger, Catherine. “‘The epic love story of Sam and Dean’: Supernatural, queer readings, and the romance of incestuous fan fiction.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 1 (2008)

cesperanza. “Porn, incest, underage, slash – oh, my!” (2007)

iridescentglow. “incest meta.” (2007)

innie_darling. “Vocabulary.” Supernatural fic. (2006)

obsessive24. “Climbing Up The Walls.” Supernatural/Firefly/Heroes vid. (2008)

*astolat. “Loud and Clear” (2007) and “Inseparable.” (2008) Supernatural fics.


Jenkins, Henry. Textual Poachers, ch. 6 (185-222)

the_shoshanna. “Sexuality and Slash Fandom.” (2007)

sailorptah. “Sexuality, with a side of WNGWJLEO.” (2008)

norah. “Abbreviated Meta: INIWJLEO.” (2007)

reallyreally. “Love Conquers All!1!1! – slash, incest, and taboo in fanfic.” (2007)

penknife. “WNG vs. WS.” (2007)




Radway, Janice. “The Readers and Their Romances,” Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy and Popular Literature. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984

Driscoll, Catherine. “One True Pairing: The Romance of Pornography and the Pornography of Romance” (Hellekson & Busse 79-96)

Flegel, Monica and Jenny Roth. “Annihilating love and heterosexuality without women: Romance, generic difference, and queer politics in Supernatural fan fiction.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4

*Leow, Hui Min Annabeth. “Subverting the Canon in Feminist Fan Fiction: ‘Concession’.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 7 (2011)

*fayjay. “The Student Prince.” Merlin fic. (2010)


Busse, Kristina. “(If I Wasn’t a) Celebrity: Alternate Times/Bodies/Realities in Celebrity Fiction and the Search for Identity.” (2005)

alixtii. “Constructs, celebrities, and real people.” (2008)

phaballa. “Creation Myths and World-Building.” (2006)

bessemerprocess. Rambling Rachel Meta (Genderswap, Slash [Boy and Girl], Feminism, K/R and some fic).” (2009)

seedyapartment. “The Ballad of Jared and Jensen.” Supernatural/CW RPF music. (2006)

dee. “A short guide to the benefits of organisation.” Lord of the Rings RPF (LOTRIPS) fic. (2005)

ink_like_blood. “Best thing that I’ve ever found.” Actor RPF (Tom Hardy/Benedict Cumberbatch/Chris Pine). (2010)

*danegan. “Happy Alone.” Supernatural/CW RPF vid. (2008)


Busse, Kristina. “Affect and Individual: The Role of Genre and Tropes in Writer Creativity and Reader Engagement” and “Abstract for Original Genius and Transformative Repetition.” (2009)

eliade. “List of Fan-fiction Kinks, Tropes, Clichés, and Fetishes.” (2006)

rheanna27. “What Is Cliche Bingo?” (2009)

Fathallah, Judith May. “H/c and Me: An Autoethnographic Account of a Troubled Love Affair.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 7 (2011)

egelantier. “List of hurt/comfort clichés **warning: contains triggery prompts**” (2010)

fourteencandles. “The Body Found.” House M.D. fic. (2007)

*indysaur. “Everyone Experiments in College.” Supernatural RPF. (2007)

*rageprufrock. “Conflicts of Interest.” Smallville fic. (2005)


Kustritz, Anne. “Painful pleasures: Sacrifice, consent, and the re-signification of BDSM symbolism in The Story of O and The Story of Obi.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 1 (2008)

v_angelique. “Meta: On Incorporating Lifestyle D/s in Fanfiction for a Mixed Audience.” (2010)

brownbetty. “If someone has already done the statistical analysis of this shit, link me?” (2010)

pearl_o. “both fyi and tl;dr.” (2011)

kink_bingo_mods. “kink_wiki.”

solvent. “conscientious kink?” (2010)

thingswithwings. “We Go Together.” multifandom vid. (2009)

*thingswithwings. “The Riches of Embarrassment: Or, Why I Don’t Have Embarrassment Squick.” (2010)


“Bending Gender: Feminist and (Trans)Gender Discourses in the Changing Bodies of Slash Fanfiction.” Busse, Kristina and Alexis Lothian. Internet Fiction(s). Ed. Ingrid Hotz-Davies, Anton Kirchhofer, and Sirpa Leppänen. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009. 105-27.

Busse, Kristina. “Genderswap and Feminism.”

havocthecat. “Genderswap in Fanfic: Looking for a Femslash Perspective.” (2009)

sailorptah. “I’ve gender-swapped a canon male just to draw her in a men’s suit. Where does that fit in?” (2010)

oxoniensis. “a tree and a flea and a bee, fiddle-dee-dee.” Merlin fic. (2009)

charmax. “I’m Your Man.” multifandom vid. (2008)


Åström, Berit. “”Let’s get those Winchesters pregnant”: Male pregnancy in Supernatural fan fiction.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 4 (2010)

Ingram-Waters, Mary. “When normal and deviant identities collide: Methodological considerations of the pregnant acafan.” Transformative Works & Cultures, no. 5 (2010)

shimmerfox. “Mpreg cliches: YMMV.” (2010)

alchemia. “Mainstream Mpreg…” (2008)

djinanna. “The Question of Mpreg.” (2003)

hollycomb. “Come What May.” Star Trek Reboot fic. (2009)

fan_eunice and greensilver. “Papa Don’t Preach”. Torchwood vid. (2008)


dark_agenda. “Announcement: the Racebending Revenge Ficathon” (2010) and “Racebending Revenge Ficathon: Fanworks and Resources.” (2011)

mercredigirl. “春雨 (Spring Rain).” Firefly fic. (2010)

dhobikikutti. “Promise of the पुरवाई “ Mary Poppins fic. (2010)

glockgal. “Sam and Dean Winchestgopal, Part 1 and Part 2.” Supernatural art. (2010)

“Chromatic Recasting.” Fanlore.

trobadora. “All-Human AUs?” (2009)

liviapenn. “Gender-reversed Star Trek 2009 cast spam.” (2009)

vaingirlfic. “In Her Aspect and In Her Eyes.” Star Trek Reboot fic. (2009)

ileliberte. “The Winchester Sisters.” Supernatural art. (2009)


pitseleh. “gee willikers world-building sounds like fun.” (2011)

“BDSM AUs.” Fanlore.

aris_writing. “Directionless” (Directed ‘Verse) House M.D. fic. (2007)

petra. “Equality of two domestic powers.” Slings & Arrows fic. (2010)

Scribe. “All the Things I Wanted (Were What I Had Before).LOTRIPS fic. (2010)

JaneDavitt. “Crossovers.” (2008)

laurashapiro. “Hurricane.” Battlestar Galactica/Farscape vid. (2010)

absrip. “So, So Scandalous.” Supernatural/The X-Files vid. (2008)




Bley, Rebecca. “RL on LJ: Fandom and the Presentation of Self in Online Life.” Buffy and Angel Conquer the Internet: Essays on Online Fandom, ed. Mary Kirby-Diaz. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2009.

Busse, Kristina. “I want us to own the goddamned servers”: The Organization for Transformative Works and the Contemporary Status of Fan Culture.” (2008)

Lothian, Alexis. “An Archive of One’s Own: Subcultural Creativity and the Politics of Conservation.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 6 (2011)

cereta. “Fandom and Male Privilege.” (2005)

lim. “Us.” multifandom vid. (2007)

*emeraldwoman. “Reading Against/Reading With: Mastering the Oppositional Discourse in Textual Healing.” Star Trek fic. (2009)

*cupidsbow. “Women/Writing 1: How Fanfiction Makes Us Poor.” (2007)

*ladyjaida and dorkorific. “The Shoebox Project.” Harry Potter fic. (2003)


cereta. “On Rape and Men.” (2009)

nestra. “Re: cereta’s post on Rape and Men.” (2009)

coffeeandink. “Rape and rhetoric.” (2009)

igrockspock. “With All My Crooked Heart.” Star Trek Reboot fic. (2009)

sockkpuppett. “Women’s Work.” Supernatural vid.(2007)

sisabet and sweetestdrain. “On the Prowl”, multifandom vid, and “The Making of ‘On The Prowl’.” (2010)

counteragent. “Still Alive.” Supernatural vid. (2008)

Freund, Katharina. “‘I’m glad we got burned, think of all the things we learned’: Fandom conflict and context in Counteragent’s ‘Still Alive.'” Transformative Works & Cultures, no. 4 (2010)


iambickilometer. META: Five+ Ways Being Transgender in Fandom Really Sucks, and Why I Stick With It Anyway and “adventures in the convoluted world of transgender sexism.” (2010)

raedbard. “{ you shut your mouth / how can you say / i go about things the wrong way }” (2010)

dingsi. “Heads Up: You don’t get to respect only the “good” trans people and still call yourself an ally (2009) and Discussion of “legitimate” transness, round #259.” (2010)

transfinite. deviantART, binarism, and transphobia.” (2010)


TWC Editor. “Pattern recognition: A dialogue on racism in fan communities.” Transformative Works & Cultures, no. 3 (2009)

Stanvil, Mel. ” Doing Fandom, (Mis)doing Whiteness: Heteronormativity, Racialization, and the Discursive Construction of Fandom.” Transformative Works & Cultures, no. 8 (2011)

brownbetty. “IBARW: A primer on privilege.” (2007)

ciderpress. “the power of language in communicating ideas and conveying emotions in text based discussions of race.” (2007)

elynross. “Words, Power, Freedom, and Responsibility.” (2007)

talitha78. “White and Nerdy.” Psych vid. (2009)

*verstehen. “Language and Speech Patterns.” (2007)

*brown_betty. “Some thoughts on writing outside my experience.” (2007)

*Bradford, K. Tempest. “Interview with Verb Noire.” Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 3 (2009)


deepad. “I Didn’t Dream of Dragons” and “White people, it’s not all about you, but for this post it is.” (2009)

thelana. “Learning a Language: Through Porn.” (2007)

kattahj. “the tennis salmon.” (2007)

squirrel_monkey. “On the exoticism of language.” (2010)

Jenkins, Henry. “Oh, Those Russians!: The (Not So) Mysterious Ways of Russian Harry Potter Fandom”, Part 1 and Part 2. Confessions of an Aca-Fan. (2007)

bravecows. “The First Time.” Star Trek Reboot fic. (2009)

*Jenkins, Henry. “Gay Bombay: An Interview with Parmesh Shahani.”, Part 1 and Part 2. (2008)

*alexjenkins. “Accent Memes, Brit-picking, and Other Perpetually Fascinating Phenomena of Internet Linguistics.” (2011)


Karpovich, Angelina I. “The Audience as Editor: The Role of Beta Readers in Fan Fiction Communities.” (Hellekson & Busse 171-188)

bop_radar. “Vid chat: betaing.” (2008)

sophinisba. “kink_bingo and podfic, perfect together.” (2011)

musesfool et. al. “Remix Redux 9: Love Potion No. 9” (2011)

talitha78. “Poker Face.” Star Trek Reboot vid (2009) and “Poker Face Remaster and Remix!!” (2011)

kuwdora. [vid]: Poker Face (remaster) – Star Trek XI – Spock/Kirk and [vid]: Poker Face (Royal Flush Remix) – Star Trek XI – Kirk/Spock.” Star Trek Reboot vids. (2011)

*rageprufrock. “Drastically Redefining Protocol.” Merlin fic. (2009)

*zoetrope. “Drastically Redefining Protocol trailer.” Merlin vid. (2009)

*pentapus. “Drastically Redefining Protocol art.” Merlin art (2009)

*revolutionaryjo. “Drastically Redefining Protocol.” Merlin podfic. (2010)


Lacker, Eden, Barbara Lynn Lucas, and Robin Anne Reid. “Cunning Linguists: The Bisexual Erotics of Words/Silence/Flesh” (Hellekson & Busse 189-206)

Busse, Kristina. “My Life is a WIP on My LJ: Slashing the Slasher and the Reality of Celebrity and Internet Performances” (Hellekson & Busse 207-224)

cimness. “huh. we sure are homosocial around here: the homosocial in fandom.” (2005)

cesperanza. “Muddled thoughts.” (2003) [comment on dsudis’ post]

anonymous. “Pairing: Pendragon/Merlin.” Merlin fic. (2011)

china_shop. “Making Up Is Hard To Do.” meta fic. (2007)

eruthros and thingswithwings. “One-Night Fandoms.” multifandom vid. (2008)


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